Example 1: Using Quotations
The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations can be utilized. Since the paper quotes through the novel extensively, page numbers are located inside the main body regarding the text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have already been provided in a footnote into the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, within the main body of the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, accocunts for an paragraph that is indented. Keep in mind that even though the writing because of the author of the paper is along with quotations from the novel and sources that are secondary sentences are still grammatically correct and coherent.
Jean Brodie is convinced for the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a lady at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life’. 1 this is certainly Miss Brodie’s adoption for the Jesuit formula, but, she moulds the child for her own ends whereas they claim the child for God. ‘you are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my cut and stamp . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most pupil that is perceptive sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie for the head’ (36), there was, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel using the Church due to the fact body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and also this is demonstrated in a literal way when certainly one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and chooses to carry on the Modern side in the high school although Jean Brodie makes clear her own preference when it comes to Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role whilst the group’s jester, or even to opt for them towards the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor attempts to regain control by playing on the convictions that are religious
All that term she tried to inspire Eunice in order to become at least a pioneer missionary in certain deadly and zone that is dangerous of earth, for this was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any one of her girls should grow up not largely specialized in some vocation. ‘you will end up as a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact secretly attracted to this basic idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)
Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), along with her tutor audaciously absolves her through the sins this can entail: ‘she is over the code that is moral it generally does not connect with her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.
The aforementioned passage is obtained from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.
Example 2: Laying out a bibliography
The bibliography will often range from the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even when you yourself have not referred to or quoted from them directly. The order is determined and alphabetical by the authors’ names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles appear in inverted commas. When referring to books you ought to range from the author’s name, place of publication, the publisher, together with date as soon as the book was published. To reference the foundation of a write-up from a journal range from the name for the journal, the amount and/or volume number, the date of publication plus the page numbers. There are lots of styles for installation of a bibliography, however the elements that are same in each, and also you needs to be consistent. Consult the handbooks to be found in the libraries for further details.
This is certainly a model employed by many British universities and publishers.
Dahlgren, Pete, Television additionally the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, the fantastic War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)
This is basically the model recommended by the present day Languages Association (MLA) and is employed by most custom writing universities that are american publishers.
Dahlgren, Pete. Television as well as the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The truly amazing War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist in the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.
The essential information provided by each model is given in identical order, nevertheless they differ in the way that the facts are presented. Whichever model you decide on or are instructed to use ensure that you stay consistent to it.
Consult reference works well with further advice. These books are from the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, just how to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)
1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All references that are further to the edition and given in the text.
2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist in the Crossroads as well as other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.