You’ve done all of the leg work—identified your topic, crafted the most wonderful thesis statement, researched like crazy, and prepared your outline. So now you sit looking at a blank screen ready to place it all together.
Perchance you’ve already written an introduction, perhaps not. Either way, diving into your body paragraphs, crafting the paragraph that is perfect, is next in the agenda.
You might be wishing for a little pink-winged paragraph fairy to wave his magic wand and transform your outline into beautifully constructed paragraphs…
I had to handle that hard reality, too, when writing this blog post. However it’s OK. Writing paragraphs that are strong good structures is an ongoing process you can easily tackle. I promise.
Image credit: KeepCalmAndPosters.com
The secret is within using “evidence” to guide most of your ideas and package all of it in a structure that is fail-safe. In this website post, I’ll break down the anatomy of this perfect paragraph structure. I’ll leave you with a blueprint to tackle all of your academic paragraphs—no magic or cute little fairies needed.
First, though, let’s have a look at why paragraph structure is so important. Ready?
Why Paragraph Structure Matters—A Lot
The right paragraph structure for body paragraphs is important for all reasons.
Thanks, Instructor Obvious, we probably figured that out from your essay prompt. The obvious aside, good paragraph structure enables you to group and organize most of your ideas into body paragraphs. These paragraphs, then, “prove” your thesis statement.
They provide your essay credibility—regardless of this type of essay writing that is you’re. They allow readers (together with most important reader—your instructor) to understand most of your ideas. Finally, the human body paragraphs flush out the support and logic for your thesis statement.
And, yes, as Instructor Obvious so deftly pointed out, they do account for a chunk that is major of essay grade.
To start out crafting effective paragraphs, you need to understand all of the pieces that fit together to form a paragraph structure that is cohesive. Let’s jump in, shall we?
The Components of this Paragraph that is perfect Structure
Every paragraph that is academic has three main components:
- Topic sentence
- Support sentences
- Concluding sentence
A paragraph, in accordance with Merriam-Webster.com, is “a element of a bit of writing that usually relates to one subject, that begins on a line that is new and that is consists of more than one sentences.”
While that does not help us much when it comes to structure, it does highlight one key point: A paragraph deals with one main idea.
Each paragraph in almost any academic essay must have one—and only point that is one—main. This highlights the initial element of the perfect paragraph structure, the sentence that is topic.
The component that is second the support sentences. These sentences establish the evidence of, and develop, your primary idea.
The third component, the concluding sentence, then brings the initial two components together. It synthesizes the main idea with the proof to show why it matters.
I’ve put the three main components in a handy table for you with increased detail by what each entails:
Let’s break those down a lot more and practice with an example paragraph.
The topic sentence presents both the topic and the controlling notion of your paragraph. It also accomplishes three things that are crucial
- It connects to and supports your thesis statement.
- It establishes what the paragraph is approximately.
- It unifies the content of the paragraph.
Think of the topic sentence as a mini-thesis. Everything when you look at the other countries in the paragraph must relate back to it. A good topic sentence is clear and relevant to your thesis statement.
There’s one caveat here. Ensure that the topic sentence is specific adequate to hook up to your thesis statement and supply a blueprint that is writable the paragraph. But also make sure it is broad enough that the main points it hard to write an entire paragraph within it don’t make.
Let’s build a typical example of the initial part of the perfect paragraph structure.
Assume my thesis statement says this:
The “over” position for toilet tissue is superior it limits the spread of germs, and it is more visually appealing because it is safer due to a shorter reach to unravel and grab tissue.
(I don’t realize about you, however in the house, the position of toilet paper is a serious point of contention. It’s sparked many debates and heated “discussions.”)
My topic sentence might look something like this:
The “over” position for wc paper is safer as a result of shorter reach to unravel and grab the tissue.
Comparing resistant to the three things a sentence that is topic do, my example does the annotated following:
Connects to and supports the thesis statement.
Establishes what the paragraph is about.
Unifies the content associated with the paragraph (which you’ll see in the section that is next).
This topic sentence sets up the lead-in to the details that form the support sentences, the next component of the perfect paragraph structure.
Support sentences are vital to supporting both your topic sentence and your thesis statement. These sentences will accomplish three things:
- They add more detail to and/or explain your topic sentence.
- They normally use concrete details as “evidence” to prove, clarify, or illustrate most of your point.
- They offer your paragraph meaning.
How the support is developed by you sentences will depend on the sort of essay you’re writing, though. While there are many approaches to paragraph development , answering a questions that are few help you determine what approach is better for your essay topic and structure.
- Will examples, details, or reasons support your point?
- Do you need to analyze information or argue a point?
- Will quoting research help establish your point?
- Do you have relevant statistics or any other research data available?
- Can or if you tie in personal experience?
By answering these questions, you can begin to shape how you will develop the paragraph to produce the paragraph structure that is perfect. Use at least two details that are concrete make your paragraph effective. You may use more—let your topic additionally the amount of support it takes dictate that for your needs.
If you wish to analyze information from research, for example, your paragraph will likely be longer. While there’s no set number of sentences you will need to include, strive for 5-8 sentences. This ensures you don’t make paragraphs a long time yet still have sufficient details and content to establish the key support when it comes to topic sentence.
You also want to present support sentences logically and systematically. For example, you don’t want to present research throughly first and then further explain your topic sentence. The paragraph development method you decide on will show you in this method.
Now, let’s break the support sentences into two steps.
First, I want to further explain my topic sentence and add a little more detail. I might create a sentence that looks something similar to this:
Although the distance is a matter of mere inches, research suggests it makes a safer environment.
Then, given that second step, i do want to give you the evidence that supports my topic sentence and, by extension, my thesis, too. I’ll use research data and statistics to argue my point—that the “over” position for rest room paper is superior since it’s safer.
I may construct two additional support sentences that look like this:
A 2014 Bathroom Safety (BS) survey discovered that households using the “over” position had 75% fewer falls from the toilet. Further , according to the Consortium of Research About Paper Products (CRAPP), bathroom goers who make use of the “under” position are 30% very likely to suffer debilitating rotator cuff damage.
Notice how I’ve put “further” in bold? This highlights the significance of transitioning between your support sentences. Just throwing in a string of rapid-fire sentences hurts the flow of data. So make sure you use transitions well to create continuity and unity, which together will build good flow.